The cartoon is considered the debut of Mickey Mouse  and his girlfriend Minniealthough both the characters appeared several months earlier in a test screening of Plane Crazy.
"Speed dating images cartoons disney" Steamboat Willie was the third of Mickey's films to be produced, but was the first to be distributed because Walt Disney, having seen The Jazz Singerhad committed himself to producing one of the first fully synchronized sound cartoons. Steamboat Willie is especially notable for being the first Disney cartoon with synchronized soundincluding character sounds and a musical score.
Disney understood from early on that synchronized sound was the future of film. It was the first cartoon to feature a fully post-produced soundtrack which distinguished it from earlier sound cartoons such as Inkwell Studios' Song Car-Tunes — and Van Beuren Studios ' Dinner Time Steamboat Willie became the most popular cartoon of its day.
Music for Steamboat Willie was arranged Wilfred Jackson and Bert Lewis, and included the songs "Steamboat Bill", a composition popularized by baritone Arthur Collins during the s, and " Turkey in the Straw ," a composition popularized within minstrelsy during the 19th century. Walt Disney performed all of the voices in the film, although there is little intelligible dialogue.
While the film has received some criticism, it has also received wide critical acclaim, not only for introducing one of the world's most popular cartoon characters, but for its technical innovation.
In members of the animation field voted Steamboat Willie 13th in the book The 50 Greatest Cartoonswhich listed the greatest cartoons of all time.
In the film was selected for preservation in the United States' National Film Registry for being deemed "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant.
Mickey Mouse pilots a river steamboatsuggesting that he himself is the "Speed dating images cartoons disney." He cheerfully whistles "Steamboat Bill" and sounds the boat's three whistles. Soon the real captain, Peteappears and orders Mickey off the bridge.
Mickey blows a raspberry at Pete, and then Pete attempts to kick him but Mickey rushes away in time and Pete kicks himself in the rear accidentally.
Mickey rushes down the stairs, slips on a bar of soap on the boat's deck and lands in a bucket of water. A parrot laughs at him, and Mickey throws the bucket at it. Pete, who has been watching the whole thing, pilots the steamboat himself.
He bites off some chewing tobacco and spits into the wind. The spit flies backward and rings the boat's bell. Amused by this Pete spits again, but it hits himself in the face, making him fuss. The steamboat makes a stop at "Podunk Landing" to pick up a cargo of various livestock. Just as they set off again, Minnie appears, running to catch the boat before it leaves. Mickey does not see her in time, but she runs after the boat along the shore and Mickey takes her on board by Speed dating images cartoons disney the cargo crane to "Speed dating images cartoons disney" underwear.
Landing on deck, Minnie accidentally drops a guitar and some sheet music for the song " Turkey in the Straw " which are eaten by a goat. The two mice use the goat's body as a phonograph which they play by turning its tail like a crank. Mickey uses various objects on the boat as percussion accompaniment and "plays" the animals like musical instruments.
This ends with them using a cow's teeth to play the song as a xylophone. Finally Captain Pete is unamused and puts Mickey to work peeling potatoes.
In the potato bin, the same parrot that laughed at him earlier appears in the port hole and laughs at him again. The mouse throws a peeled potato at him, knocking him into the river below. The film ends with Mickey laughing. According to Roy O.
However, the first two Mickey Mouse films produced, silent versions of Plane Crazy and The Gallopin' Gauchohad failed to impress audiences and gain a distributor. Disney believed that adding sound to a cartoon would greatly increase Speed dating images cartoons disney appeal. One theatre owner said to Walt, "Your stupid brain and your stupid mouse character can get out of my theatre. Steamboat Willie was not the first cartoon with synchronized sound.
Starting in May and continuing through SeptemberDave and Max Fleischer's Inkwell Studios produced 19 sound cartoons, part of the Song Car-Tunes series, using the Phonofilm sound-on-film process.
However, the Song Car-Tunes failed to keep the sound fully synchronized, while Steamboat Willie was produced using a click track to keep his musicians on the beat.
In the aftermath, Powers hired a former DeForest technician, William Garrity, to produce a cloned version of the Phonofilm system, which Powers dubbed "Powers Cinephone". By then, DeForest was in too weak a financial position to Speed dating images cartoons disney a legal challenge against Powers for patent infringement. Powers convinced Disney to use Cinephone for Steamboat Willie ; their business relationship lasted untilwhen Powers and Disney had a falling-out over money and Powers hired away Disney's lead animator, Ub Iwerks.
The audience sat in a room adjoining Walt's "Speed dating images cartoons disney." Roy placed the movie projector outdoors and the film was projected through a window so that the sound of the projector would not interfere with the live sound. Ub Iwerks set up a bedsheet behind the movie screen behind which he placed a microphone connected to speakers where the audience would sit.
The live sound was produced from behind the bedsheet.
Wilfred Jackson played the music on a mouth organUb Iwerks banged on pots and pans for the percussion segment, and Johnny Cannon provided sound effects with various devices, including slide whistles and spittoons for bells.
Speed dating images cartoons disney himself provided what little dialogue there was to the film, mostly grunts, laughs, and squawks. After several practices, they were ready for the audience, which consisted of Disney employees and their wives. The response of the audience was extremely positive, and it gave Walt the confidence to move forward and complete the film.
He said later in recalling this first viewing, "The effect on our little audience was nothing less than electric. They responded almost instinctively to this union of sound and motion. I thought they were kidding me.
So they put me in the audience and ran the action again. It was terrible, but it was wonderful! And it was something new! Nothing since has ever equaled it.
Walt traveled to New York City to hire a company to produce the sound system. He eventually settled on Pat Powers 's Cinephone system, created by Powers using an updated version of Lee De Forest 's Phonofilm system without giving De Forest any credit, a decision he would later regret. The music in the final soundtrack was performed by the Green Brothers Novelty Band and was conducted by Carl Edouarde.
The brothers Joe and Lew Green from the band also assisted in timing the music to the film. The first attempt to synchronize the recording with the film, done on September 15,was a disaster.
This was a success with Speed dating images cartoons disney addition of a filmed bouncing ball to keep the tempo. Steamboat Willie was an immediate hit while Gang War is all but forgotten today. The success of Steamboat Willie not only led to international fame for Walt Disney, but for Mickey as well.
On November 21, Variety magazine published a review which read in part "Not the first animated cartoon to be synchronized with sound effects, but the first to attract favorable attention. The union brought laughs galore. Giggles came so fast at the Colony [Theater] they stumbling over each other. The response led to the two previous Mickey films being reproduced as sound cartoons and given wide theatrical releases.
The film has been the center of a variety of controversies regarding copyright. The copyright of the film has been extended by an act of the United States Congress. However, recent evidence suggests that the film may be in the public domain owing to technicalities related to the original copyright notice. The film has been the center of some attention regarding the Copyright Term Extension Act passed in the United States.
Steamboat Willie has been close to entering the public domain in the U. Each time, copyright protection has been extended. It could have entered public domain in four different years: It has been claimed that these extensions were a response by Congress to extensive lobbying by The Walt Disney Company.